Tracking tGSM tmobile tphones, tor tdedicated ttrackers, tusually

Tracking tSystem tlocation tp.karithkeyan1,p.tamilan1,TSivakumar.V2

l tUG tStudent,Department tof tIT, tAdhiyamaan tCollage tof tEngineering t(Autonomous),Hosur,Tamil tnadu, t

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2Assistant tProfessor,
tDepartment tof tIT, tAdhiyamaan tCollage tof tEngineering t(Autonomous),Hosur, tTamil tnadu, t

Email: tsivcse45 tmail.com, [email protected] t

ABSTRACT: tLocation tTracking tSystem tis tused tto tfmd tthe tlocation tit ttracking tsystem tsumulating tin tweb tsites tand tmobile tapplications. tIn tthis tproject, tthe tadmin tand tthe tusers twill thave tthis tapplication tin ttheir tandroid tphone twhen tthe tuser tlogin tto tthe tsystem, this tGPS tlocation twill tbe tupdated tto tthe tadmin tas twell tas tto tthe tusers. tThe trole tof tthe tadmin tis tto tadd tnew tobject tby tentering this tpersonal t t1 tINTRODUCTION tThe ttechnology tof tlocating tis tbased ton tGOOGLEtSERVICEStusestthetconcepttthattatpoweredtmobiletphonetalwaystcommunicatestwirelesslytwithtonetoftthetclosesttbasetstations,tsotknowledgetoftthetlocationtoftthetbasetstationtimpliestthetcelltphonetistnearby.tAdvanced tsystemstdeterminetthetsectortintwhichtthetmobiletphonetist tlocatedtand troughly testimate talso tthe tdistance tto tthe tbase tstation. tFurther tapproximation tcan tbe tdone tby tinterpolating tsignals tbetween ttowers. tQualified tservices tmay tachieve ta tprecision tof tdown tto tearth tin turban tareas twhere tmobile ttraffic tand tdensity tof tantenna ttowers t(base tstations) tis tsufficiently thigh.citation tneeded tRural tand tdesolate tareas tmay tsee tmiles tbetween tbase tstations tand ttherefore tdetermine tlocations tless tprecisely. tGSM tlocalization tuses tmultilateration tto tdetermine tthe tlocation tof tGSM tmobile tphones, tor tdedicated ttrackers, tusually twith tthe tintent tto tlocate tthe tuser.2 tT the tdevice tcan tenssnntinl tfor tfamily tto tfind tThe ttimbers tare twhich tlocation tmobile tlnternct ttechnolcigy tand twide tusage tof tSmart tPhones. tmore tattentions thave tbeen tgiven tto tnetwork taccess ttechiiiques(GPS) tand tinteractive tapplications tthrough tmobile tphones. tAndroid tor twebsite tlinke twhich tis ton topen tsource thas tbecome tmost tpopular tsmart tphone tused tby tpeople. tin trecent tyears, tmore tand tmore tpeople thave tstarted tusing tthe tsmart tphone, tlaptop. tpad.imac,ect.. tThe tnumber tof tsmart tphone tusers tis texpected tto treach t15 tbillion tabove tby t2018. tTracking tor tdetecting tthe tposition tof tpeople tis tvery timportant tfor tvariods treasons tsuch tas tidentifying tthe tculprit. tto tnotify tfriends tabout tserious tissues, ttoT the tdevice tcan tenssnntinl tfor tfamily tto tfind tThe tl’nmll ty tm ttimbers tare twhich tlocation tmobile tlnternct ttechnolcigy tand twide tusage tof tSmart tPhones. tmore tattentions thave tbeen tgiven tto tnetwork taccess ttechiques(GPS) tand tinteractive tapplications tthrough tmobile tphones. tAndroid tor twebsite tlinke twhich tis ton topen tsource thas tbecome tmost tpopular tsmart tphone tused tby tpeople. tin trecent tyears, tmore tand tmore tpeople thave tstarted tusing tthe tsmart tphone, tlaptop. tpad.imac,ect.. tThe tnumber tof tsmart tphone tusers tis texpected tto treach t15 tbillion tabove tby t2018. tTracking tor tdetecting tthe tposition tof tpeople tis tvery timportant tfor tvariods treasons tsuch tas tidentifying tthe tculprit. tto tnotify tfriends tabout tserious tissues, tto tconvey tan timportant tmessage tetc. tFor tthis tput-pow, tGlobal tPositioning tSystem t(GPS) tis tbeing tused tWidely. tThis tpaper tproposes tthe tPosition tDetection tand tTracking tsystem tusing tAndroid tor twebsite twhich tcan tbe tused tto ttrack tfriends tand tfamily tmembers. t Tracking tor tdetecting tthe tposition tof tpeople tis tvery timportant tfor tvariods treasons tsuch tas tidentifying tthe tculprit. tto tnotify tfriends tabout tserious tissues, tto tconvey tan timportant tmessage tetc. tFor tthis tput-pow, tGlobal tPositioning tSystem t(GPS) tis tbeing tused tWidely. tThis tpaper tproposes tthe tPosition tDetection tand tTracking tsystem tusing tAndroid tor twebsite twhich tcan tbe tused tto ttrack tfriends tand tfamily tmembers. t   t2 tRELATED tWORK tthe tdescribes ta tsystem twhich tis tused tto tlocate tfriends tfamily tmiss tse tby tusing tGPS tand tStandard tweb ttechnology. tThis tsystem tis timplemented tusing t12MB t& tJavaScript, tthe trepository tand tthe tweb tclient tis timplemented tusing tPHP tand tMySQL. t2 tpresents tthe tcreation tof tSocial tNetwork tin twhich tthe tusers tare tbeing talerted twhen ttheir tfriends tare taround. tAvailable tAndroid tlocation tservices tlike tGPS ttechnology, twireless tand tmobile ttowers tare tused tto tfind tan tapproximate tlocation tof ta tmobile tphone trunning tthis tprogram tand tthen tsharing tthe tlocation tinformation tthrough tthe tMeet tYou tor tvia tSMS. t3 tdescribes ta tsystem tusing twhich tyou tcan tlocate tthe tmobile tdevice tusing tanother tmobile tdevice tby teven tsitting tat tyour thome. tThe tsystem tonly trequires tthe tinbuilt tGPS tand tGPRS tin tthe tdevice twhose tlocation tis tto tbe ttracked. tWhere tare tyou? tA tLocation tAwareness tSystem tis ta tproject tthat thelps tyou tto tlocate ta tfriend tor ta tknown tperson twithout tinforming tthat tperson. tLiLiu.et. tal. t4 texplains tthe tdesign tand timplementation tof tAndroid tmobile toperating tsystem tbased tgroup tcommunication tand tnavigation tsystem. tBy tuse tof tGPS tand tGoogle tMap, tthe tsystem timplements ta tgeographic tlocation tand troute tplanning tbetween tuser tand this tfriend. tThe tsystem tprovides ta tconvenient tand ttplatform tfor tusers ttravel tand tconnection tbetween tfriends. tShrcstha t5 tpresents tandroid-based tlocation tand tmessage tsharing tsystem twhich tprovides ta tsecured ttwo tway tcommunication tbetween tweb tserver tand tandroid tbased tapplication. tThe tproposed tsystem tuses tJava tprogramming tlanguage tfor tandroid tmobile tuser tapplication, tPHP tprogramming tlanguage tas tweb tserver, tMySQL tas texternal tdatabase tto tstore tthe tdata. tSymmetric tcryptography tis tused tto tassure tsecured tcommunication tbetween tandroid tdevice tand tweb tserver. tChandra tAct. tal. t6 tdiscusses tLocation tBased tService twhich tis ta tkey tfactor tfor tfuture tmobile tapplication. tThe tsystem tis tdeveloped twith tJ2ME tAPl tbased ton tproviding tlocation tbased tservice tusing tGPS. tThe tapplication tis timplemented tas tclient tserver tsystem twhich thelps tusers tto tlocate tfriends tand tfamily twith twhom the twants tto tshare this tlocation. t7 tpresents tLocation tBased tServices t(LBS) tfor tmobile tapplications tusing tGlobal tPositioning tSystem t(GPS).Thc tapplication tis timplemented tas ta tclient’scrver tsystem tthat thelps tusers tto tlocate ttheir tfamily tmembers tand trcccivc talerts twhen tfriends tare tnearby. tMobile tapplication tdcvclopcd tusing tJZME tAPl tii tciicnt tside tand tServer twas timplemented tusing tPHP tand tDatabase tMySQL twhich tis topen: tsource.proposes tmobile tlocation ttracking tapplication tin ta tcellular tmobile tnetwork tbased ton tLocation tBased tService. tThe tproposed tsystem tis timplmcntcd tas ta tciicni tsot-vet tsystem tthat thclps tthe tusers tto tloans tthat tfriends tand treceive talerts twhcncvcr tthey tare tnearby. t  t3 tPROPOSED tSYSTEM tThe tpaper tdescribes tposition tdetection tand ttracking tsystem twhich thas tthe tfollowing tthree tobjectives: t{2) tDevelop tan tandroid tapplication twhich tcan tbe tused tto tlocate tthe tposition tof tthe tfriends tand tfamily tmembers. t{9 tThe tdata tcan tbe tshared tonline. tSome tadvantages tare tEnd tUser ttracks this/her town tposition. tUser tcan ttrack tposition tof tfriends tand tfamily tmember. tIt tcan tbe tused tfor ta tsocial tmedia tnetwork. tSome tDisadvantages tare tnetwork tconnection tApplication tcan tbe tused twith tgps tenabled t 4 tTECHNOLOGY
tBACKGROUND tThe tlocation tof ta tmobile tphone tcan tbe tdetermined tusing tthe tservice tprovider’s tnetwork tinfrastructure. tThe tadvantage tof tnetwork-based ttechniques, tfrom ta tservice tprovider’s tpoint tof tview, tis tthat tthey tcan tbe timplemented tnon-intrusively twithout taffecting thandsets. tNetwork-based ttechniques twere tdeveloped tmany tyears tprior tto tthe twidespread tavailability tof tGPS ton thandsets. t(See tUS t5519760, tissued t21 tMay t1996 tfor tone tof tthe tfirst tworks trelating tto tthis.3) tThe taccuracy tof tnetwork-based ttechniques tvaries, twith tcell tidentification tas tthe tleast taccurate tand ttriangulation tas tmoderately taccurate, tand tnewer tadvanced ttiming tmethods tas tthe tmost taccurate. tThe taccuracy tof tnetwork-based ttechniques tis tboth tdependent ton tthe tconcentration tof tcell tbase tstations, twith turban tenvironments tachieving tBearer tinterestedit t A tphone’s tlocation tcan tbe tuploaded tto ta tcommon twebsite twhere tone’s tfriends tand tfamily tcan tview tone’s tlast treported tposition. tNewer tphones tmay thave tbuilt-in tGPS treceivers twhich tcould tbe tused tin ta tsimilar tfashion, tbut twith tmuch thigher taccuracy. tThis tis tcontroversial, tbecause tdata ton ta tcommon twebsite tmeans tpeople twho tare tnot tfriends tand tfamily” tmay tbe table tto tview tthe tinformation. t Locating tor tpositioning ttouches tupon tdelicate tprivacy tissues, tsince tit tenables tsomeone tto tcheck twhere ta tperson tis twithout tthe tperSOn’s tconsent. tStrict tethics tand tsecurity tmeasures tare tstrongly trecommended tfor tservices tthat temploy tpositioning. tGPS: t The tGlobal tPositioning tSystem t(GPS) tis ta tutility tthat tprovides tusers twith tpositioning, tnavigation, tand ttiming tservices..This tsystem tconsists tof tthree tsegments: tthe tspace tsegment, tthe tcontrol tsegment, tand tthe tuser tsegment. tThe tspace tsegment tconsists tof ta tnominal tconstellation tof t24 toperating tsatellites tthat ttransmit tone-way tsignals tthat tgive tthe tcurrent tGPS tsatellite tposition tand ttime. tThe tControl tSegment ttracks tthe tGPS tsatellites, tuploads tupdated tnavigational tdata, tand tmaintains thealth tand tstatus tof tthe tsatellite tconstellation. tThe tuser tsegment tconsists tof tthe tGPS treceiver tequipment tand tuses tthe ttransmitted tinformation tto tcalculate tthe tuser’s tthreedimensional tposition tand ttime. t Android: t mobile toperating tsystem twhich toffers ta tunified tapproach tto tapplication tdevelopment. tDeveIOpers tneed tto tdevelop tapplications tusing tAndroid tand tthese tapplications tcan trun ton tnumerous tdifferent tdevices, tas tlong tas tthe tdevices tare tpowered tusing tAndroid. t  Google tMaps: tGoogle tMaps tprovides ta tmap tof tan tOpen tApplication tProgramming tInterface t(Google tMaps tAPI). tDevelopers tcan teasily tlink tthe tGoogle tMaps tservice tto ttheir tapplication. tthe thighest tpossible taccuracy tbecause tof tthe thigher tnumber tof tcell ttowers, tand tthe timplementation tof tthe tmost tcurrent ttiming tmethods tOne tof tthe tkey tchallenges tof tnetwork-based ttechniques tis tthe trequirement tto twork tclosely twith tthe tservice tprovider, tas tit tentails tthe tinstallation tof thardware tand tsoftware twithin tthe toperator’s tinfrastructure. tFrequently tthe tcompulsion tassociated twith ta tlegislative tframework, tsuch tas tEnhanced t9-11, tis trequired tbefore ta tservice tprovider twill tdeploy ta tsolution. tequipped twith tGPS tthen tsignificantly tmore tprecise tlocation tinformation tcan tbe tthen tsent tfrom tthe thandset tto tthe tcarrier. tAnother tapproach tis tto tuse ta tfingerprinting-based ttechnique,567 twhere tthe tsignature” tof tthe thome tand tneighboring tcells tsignal tstrengths tat tdifferent tpoints tin tthe tarea tof tinterest tis trecorded tby twardriving tand tmatched tin treal-time tto tdetermine tthe thandset tlocation. tThis tis tusually tperformed tindependent tfrom tthe tcarrier. t tGMS tHybrid tpositioning tsystems tuse ta tcombination tof tnetwork-based tand thandset~based ttechnologies tfor tlocation tdetermination. tOne texample twould tbe tsome tmodes tof tAssisted tGPS, twhich tean tboth tuse tGPS tand tnetwork tinformation tto tcompute tthe tlocation. tBoth ttypes tof tdata tare tthus tused tby tthe ttelephone tto tmake tthe tlocation tmore taccurate t(i.e., tA-GPS). tAlternatively ttracking twith tboth tsystems tcan talso toccur tby thaving tthe tphone tattain tits tGPS-location tdirectly tfrom tthe tsatellites, tand tthen thaving tthe tinformation tsent tvia tthe tnetwork tto tthe tperson tthat tis ttrying tto tlocate tthe ttelephone. tSuch tsystems tincludeGoogle tMaps, tas twell tas, tLTE’s tQTDOA. tThere tare talso thybrid tpositioning tsystems twhich tcombine tseveral tdifferent tlocation tapproaches tto tposition tmobile tdevices tby tWi-Fi, tWiMAX, tGSM. tLTE, tIP taddresses, tand tnetwork tenvironment tdata. tBearer tinterestedit t A tphone’s tlocation tcan tbe tuploaded tto ta tcommon twebsite twhere tone’s tfriends tand tfamily tcan tview tone’s tlast treported tposition. tNewer tphones tmay thave tbuilt-in tGPS treceivers twhich tcould tbe tused tin ta tsimilar tfashion, tbut twith tmuch thigher taccuracy. tThis tis tcontroversial, tbecause tdata ton ta tcommon twebsite tmeans tpeople twho tare tnot tfriends tand tfamily” tmay tbe table tto tview tthe tinformation. t Locating tor tpositioning ttouches tupon tdelicate tprivacy tissues, tsince tit tenables tsomeone tto tcheck twhere ta tperson tis twithout tthe tperSOn’s tconsent. tStrict tethics tand tsecurity tmeasures tare tstrongly trecommended tfor tservices tthat temploy tpositioning. tAndroid: tmobile toperating tsystem twhich toffers ta tunified tapproach tto tapplication tdevelopment. tDeveIOpers tneed tto tdevelop tapplications tusing tAndroid tand tthese tapplications tcan trun ton tnumerous tdifferent tdevices, tas tlong tas tthe tdevices tare tpowered tusing tAndroid. tMy tSQL: tMySQL tis ta tfast, teasy-to-use tRDBMS tbeing tused tfor tmany tsmall tand tbig tbusinesses. tMySQL tworks ton tmany toperating tsystems tand twith tmany tlanguages tincluding tPHP, tPERL, tJAVA, tetc. tMySQL tworks tvery tquickly tand tworks twell teven twith tlarge tdata tsets. tMy tSQL: t MySQL tis ta tfast, teasy-to-use tRDBMS tbeing tused tfor tmany tsmall tand tbig tbusinesses. tMySQL tworks ton tmany toperating tsystems tand twith tmany tlanguages tincluding t PHP, tPERL, tJAVA, tetc. tMySQL tworks tvery tquickly tand tworks twell teven twith tlarge tdata tsets. t PROPOSED tSYSTEM tARCHITECTURE t The tProposed tSystem tarchitecture tis tshown tin tFig. t1 tand tconsists tofthe tfollowing tsix tmodules: t1) tMobile tclient. t2) tRepository. t3) tWeb tclient. t4) tMap tservice. t5) tMessage tAlert tsystem tfor tdetection tof tPosition tof tFriends. t6) tData t(Documents, tAudio, tVideo) tsharing tcenter. t Repository: tThe trepository tconsists tof tall tthe tinformation tabout tthe tusers, tlocation tmaps, tand tthe tlocation-related tresults. t Web tclient: tThe tinformation tin tthe trepository tcan tbe tmanaged tand tviewed tusing tthe tweb tclient. tThe tuser treceives tthe tlocation tinformation tfrom tthe tweb tclient ton ttheir tmobiles. t Map tservice: tThe tmap tservice tis tan tagent tbased twhich tprovides tboth tthe tmobile tand tthe tweb tclient twith tmap tdata. tThe tmap tservice tuses tGPS tto ttrack tthe tposition tof tfriends tor tfamily tmembers. tThe tlocation tinformation tis tupdated tto tweb tclient tevery ttime tby tthe tmobile tphone. tMessage tAlert tsystem:
tThe tmessage talert tsystem tdeals twith tdetecting tposition tof tour tfriend tand tfamily tmember tand tupdate ton tserver. tIt tsends tlocation tupdate tto tthe tare twithin tspecific trange tfrom thim/her. tData tsharing tcenter: tThis tmodule tdeals twith tsharing tof tdata tsuch tas tImage, tAudio, tVideo tand tDocument tuser twhen tfriends t  tIMPLEMENTATION t The tproposed tsystem tis timplemented tusing tAndroid. tThe tdatabase tused tis tMySQL tand tuser tcan taccess tthe tdatabase tusing tPHP tas tinterface. tMobile tClient tsystem tconsists tof tfive tmodules tsuch tas tRegister/Login tmodule, tRegister/Login tmodule tis tused tto tprovide tregistration tof tnew tuser tand tlogin tto tthe tsystem. tRegister tinterface ttakes tuser tinformation tand tafter tthe tregistration tis tsuccessful, tuser tcan tlogin tto tthe tsystem. tThe tuser tis tvalidated tusing tvalidateUserO. tGPS tmodule, tNotification tmodule, tData tsharing tmodule tand tChatting tmodule. t GPS tmodule tdeals twith tposition tbased tservices. tUsing tthis tmodule, tuser tcan tfind this/her town tposition, tfriend tposition tand tfamily tmember tposition. tThe tposition ttracker ttracks tthe tposition tusing ttrackPositionO tmethod. tThe tposition ttracker tcan tbe tset tfor ta tparticular tfriend tusing tsetTracker() tand tthe ttracker tcan tbe tswitched toff tusing tcancelTrackerO. tThe tlocation tof ta tparticular tfriend twho tis ttracked tcan tbe tfound tby tgetLocationO. tData tsharing tmodule tdeals twith tsharing tthe tdata tsuch tas tImage, tText, tAudio tand tVideo. tThe tuser tdesired tfiles tcan tbe tuploaded tusing timageUploadO, tuploadVideoO, tuploadDocument(). tThe tdesired tfiles tcan tbe tdownloaded tusing tdownloadDocO, tdownloadVideoO. tThe timage tfiles tcan tbe tsaved tusing tsaveImage(). tFigur tNotification tmodule tsends ta tnotification tto tthe tuser twhen this/her tfriends tor tfamily tmembers tcome taround tthe tuser’s tarea tof tdirection. tA tnotification tis tgiven tto tthe tuser tin tthe tform tofa tpopup tmessage thaving tthe tlocation tinformation talong twith tlight te tl32.Functional tmodule tof tsystem tor tsound tor tvibratiousingNotification(). tThe texperimental tsetup tconsists tof ta tsingle tmachine twhich tacts tas tserver trunning twindows tOS, tan tandroid tpowered tsmart tphone twith tGPS. tThe tserver tand tphone tare tconnected tvia tInternet. tRegister/Login tModule: tThe tuser tcan tregister tto tthe tapplication tby tproviding tthe tuser tinformation. tAfter tthe t CONCLUSION t Technology tin torder tto tenhance tthe tpositioning texperience. tThe tposition tdetection tand ttracking tsystem teffectively talerts tthe tuser tabout tthe tposition tof ta tperson tusing tmobile tphone. tThis tlocation tand tposition tof tperson tinformation tcan tbe tshared tonline. tAs ta tfuture twork, tthe tproposed tsystem tcan tbe timplemented tto tupdate tthe ttracked tposition tdetails tto tthe tsocial tnetworking twebsites tsuch tas tFacebook, tTwitter tetc. t REFERENCES t 1 tLash tKari tA.H, tParhizkar tB, tRaman, tWidget tBased tPosition tSystem t(WBPS) tAn tinnovative tmobile tApplication”, t IEEE tInternational tConference ton tComputer tEngineering tand tTechnology, tVolume t2,16-18 tApril t2010, tpp t615619,ISBN:978-1-4244-6347-3, tDOI:10.1109/ICCET.2010.5485646 t 2 tSiriteanu tA, tIiiene tA, tMeetyou-Social tnetworking ton tAndroid”, t1I’hRoEduNetInternational tConference tSinaia, tI719 tJan. t2013, tppl t6, tISBN: t9781-467361149, tDOI: t10.1109/RoEduNet.2013.6511763. t 3 tKumar tN, tWhere tare tyou? 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