Title The present research adopted a mixed method

Title
of the research: A Study of Language Learning Style and Teaching Style
Preferences of Hong Kong Community College Students and Teachers in English for
Academic Purposes (EAP) Contexts

Introduction

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In
Hong Kong, English has been primarily used as an official language since Hong
Kong became a British colony in 1858. Despite the fact that Hong Kong students
has taught English as a second language, they still have very limited knowledge
of English. The study particularly put the focus on college students who are
required to take common English courses during years. The aim of the course is
to strengthen students’ English language foundation including General English, English
for Professional Purposes and English for Academic Purposes (EAP).

Certain
study skills such as listening, academic writing, note-taking, presentation
skills and referencing skills are generally covered in EAP courses in which
students are required to use in tertiary education. Meantime, other non-study
skills, for example, grammar, vocabulary and basic language skills are also involved
in the courses (Amir & Jelas, 2010).

The
writer believed that an investigation on EAP learning styles and teaching
styles in community colleges will be useful for program planners to maximize
students’ academic results and learning experiences by comprehending the nature
of learning styles and teaching styles. Furthermore, the relationship between these
styles in the English language learning environment, particularly in the teaching
and learning of EAP are essential knowledge to teachers.

Objectives

This research
aims at investigating English language learning and teaching style preferences
in Hong Kong English for Academic Purposes (EAP) classrooms at tertiary
education level.

 

The
present research adopted a mixed method approach involving both questionnaire
surveys and semi-structured interviews. Such mixed approach can examine the
factors influencing learning styles and teaching styles, and also the
relationship between the styles. The study attempts to provide rare information
for course design and teacher training so as to provide Hong Kong college
students sufficient and effective academic English language learning back up.

 

The
objectives of this research are as below:

1.      Identify
Hong Kong community college students and also teachers’s EAP learning style and
teaching style preferences for English language learning.

2.      Investigate
how variable variables will affect students’ English language learning style
and teaching style preferences in EAP learning environment.

3.      Assess
the connection between teaching styles and learning styles in EAP

learning environment at tertiary level in Hong Kong.

4.      Furnish
some data which will be beneficial for future research on the language learning
styles as well as teaching styles in tertiary educational level Hong Kong
English language environment
.

5.      Provide
deep insights into Hong Kong English language education at tertiary level.

 

Research
Questions

1)                 
What are the English language learning style priorities
of students of Hong Kong college in EAP classroom?

2)                 
What are the teaching English language styles of
teachers of Hong Kong college in EAP classroom?

2) How
do the below variables are related to Hong Kong community students’ language
learning style preference in EAP learning enivironment?

(a)
 The standard of study

(b)
 Conduct and discipline

(c)
 Educational background

(d)
 Other probable variables

(e)
 Cultural background

3.      How
do the below variables influence language teaching styles of teachers of
community college in EAP environment?

   (a) Teaching resume

(b) Qualification background

(c) Cultural background

(d) Other probable variables

4.      What
is the relationship between EAP teaching styles and learning styles at tertiary
level in Hong Kong?

 

Methodology
and Research Plan

The
quantitative and qualitative research methods are both adopted in the research so
as to investigate the research questions deeply. Creswell and Clark (2007) stated
that through gathering, extracting, analyzing, and mixing two research data in
a study will give rise to a more comprehensive understanding of research
problems.

Data
collection for the research was conducted by means of questionnaire and
subsequent interviews. The proposed questionnaire and interviews was carried
out in two community colleges in Hong Kong. The interviewees include local, mainland
Chinese and international students. According to the results of the
questionnaire, group interviews were conducted with 60 students in order to collect
information for their English learning style preferences and also the other factors
affecting their styles. In the research, data gathered from the questionnaire
was analyzed quantitatively, after that, interview survey data were analyzed
qualitatively.

The
questionnaire was introduced to collect information for four purposes: 1) To
set up a general view of English learning style preferences of students in EAP environment
2) To find out the relationship between English learning style preferences of
students and other probable variables 3) To select interviewees for the
follow-up procedures 4) To obtain and gather interviewee’s background
information.

According
to DeCapua and Wintergerst (2005), conducting interviews can provide a wide
range of data by asking interviewees for more in-depth questions and getting
clear responses to questionnaires. The main aim of the interviews was to look
into English language learning style preferences of students in EAP environment
in Hong Kong more evidently, and the probable factors which may contribute to student’s
language learning style preferences and their comments to college teacher’s
teaching styles. After the completion of the questionnaires, the 30-minute
interview was conducted with students. Various topics questions were comprised
of in the interview such as their educational and cultural background,
preferred methods of English language learning, their beliefs toward the mixing
between teaching styles and learning styles as well as how they describe their
teachers’ teaching styles in EAP environment.

(963
words)

 

Reference

Amir,
R., & Jelas, Z. M. (2010). Teaching and learning styles in higher education
institutions: Do they match. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences.

Creswell,
J. W., & Clark, V. L. P. (2011). Designing and conducting mixed methods
research. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

DeCapua,
A., & Wintergerst, A.C. (2001). Exploring the learning styles of
Russian-speaking ESL students. The CATESOL Journal.