The Enlightenment which also known as The Age of Enlightenment was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th Century. The Enlightenment or the Century of Philosophy, played an important role in the time period 1700 to 1799. The period was the first time people seriously persuade question about their existence and led to greater achievement in scientific and philosophic fields.
At the first glance, the main cause of the Reasoning era was the Thirty Years’ War, lasted from 1618 to 1648. Confronting with the destructive war, German writers were obliged to depict a number of criticisms regarding the ideas of nationalism and warfare. These great writers, such as John Comenius and Hugo Grotius were some of the first mentors shooting the very first bullet against tradition to propose the better solutions. Also, because the 18th Century was the period of navigation advancement, many great explorations of the world exposed Europe to other cultures and philosophies. At the same time, right at the Europe heart, thinkers and scholars began paying more attention in the tangible world to develop more scientific studies. Eventually, those centuries of mistreatment by the hands of monarchies and the church have the end, and from since then, people living in Europe have their own voice for freedom.
In the mid-18th century, Paris, the Europe center, had an explosion of philosophic and scientific activity in order to challenge the traditional dogmas and doctrines. The world has known the philosophic movement which led by Voltaire and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. These scholars argued and struck for a society based upon reason rather than just faith and Catholic doctrine. Thus, a new civil order based on natural law was constructed; science on experiments and observation were born. The political philosopher Montesquieu introduced the idea of a separation of powers in a government, a concept which was enthusiastically adopted by the authors of the United States Constitution. While the Philosophes of the French Enlightenment were not revolutionaries and many were members of the nobility, their ideas played an important part in undermining the legitimacy of the Old Regime and shaping the French Revolution.
The Enlightenment era created a snowball effect: small advances triggered larger ones, and before Europe and the world knew it, almost two centuries of philosophizing and innovation had ensued. These studies generally began in the fields of earth science and astronomy, as notables such as Johannes Kepler and Galileo Galilei took the old, beloved “truths” of Aristotle and disproved them. Thinkers such as René Descartes and Francis Bacon revised the scientific method, setting the stage for Isaac Newton and his landmark discoveries in physics.
In fact, The Age of Enlightenment have played a significant part in scientific revolution. In comparison, people who have gone through the Dark Ages period could not be conscious among the diversity of physical phenomena. Indeed, if there was any physical event occurred at the same time, people were going to assume it as the inevitable result of super nature without reasoning. However, in the Ages of Reason era, people have experienced a numbers of advancement in term of natural science, and one of those epochal accomplishment could have well-known was Newton’s Principal Mathematica in 1687. In short, Newton’s studies which, briefly summarized, contained explanations for heavenly motions as well as sublunary bodies. Thus, Newton’s system has placed a rooted natural physic concept as an orderly field manipulated by sophisticated mathematical laws, so that scholars at the time could have a tool to logically analyze the countless numbers of events as well as inspire reckless ideas. In other words, the concept of nature, and how we perceive it, shifts tremendously along the rise of modern science. The Ages of Enlightenment has done a great job in term of contribute a remarkable amount of knowledge into philosophic field.
The new era of wondering and reasoning had brought the new aspects to mankind. Being happy, rational and free, the Ages of Enlightenment answers the basic reason, encouraging individuals to be enlightened. A universal system was constructed for a unique purpose, providing a new tool for solving problems through rational thought and experimentation, rather than just the authority of religion.