Sustainable to make the accurate choices for the

Sustainable
Development Goals:

Sustainable development goals (SDGs), are also known
as global goals, are a general call to exploit to end poverty, defend the
planet and make sure that all people are enjoyed peace and prosperity SDGs are
included that:

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The goals are interconnected; often the key to
success on one will involve gear issues, they are more commonly connected with
another.

SDGs work in the strength of partnership and
paragonatism to make the accurate choices for the future generations now to recover
life in a sustainable way. SDGs give clear guidelines and targets for all
countries to accept in accordance with their own precedence and environmental
challenges of world at great. The SDGs are the comprehensive agenda. The main
objective of the SDGs is to end the poverty from the world.  

Importance
of SDGs:

On 25 September 2015, at the United
Nation Sustainable development summit, all
193 members of the UN accepted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This consists of a set of 17 Sustainable Development
Goals (SDGs).  They aspire to end poverty universally.  And they
are a road-map to lessen inequalities, and to achieve gender justice, to ensure
universal social protection and right to use to essential services (water,
sanitation, power, education and health), and deal with climate change by 2030.

The
SDGs changed the out-of-date Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on Jan 2016,
which were bear out of the ‘aid’ state of mind that governments and
international funding agencies should support developing countries to
carry about change.

On
the one hand, the SDG’s (or Global Goals) mark the growing opportunity for
factual global citizenship – where, not only our governments, but everyone is
responsible for the sustainable development of people and planet.

SDGs
provide awareness to the people. These goals are interlinked with each other.
The main objective is to end the poverty from the world.

 

SDGs associate with the sector of
Food and Agriculture:

 

When
SDGs linked with food production then the Goal
2 is included this is that: Zero
hunger.

End hunger,
attain food security and better nutrition and encourage sustainable agriculture.
It is time to rethink how we grow, share and consume our food. If done exact,
agriculture, fisheries and forestry can supply nutritious food for all and
produce decent incomes, while sustaining people-centered rural development and
defending the environment. Our soils, freshwater, oceans, forests and
biodiversity are being quickly degraded. Climate change is placing even more
pressure on the resources we depend on. Increasing risks related with disasters
such as droughts and floods. Many rural women and men can no longer make ends
meet on their land, forcing them to migrate to cities in search of
opportunities. And in which Goal 3
is included and which is that: Good health and well being and it is indirectly
related with the food production. Goal 4
is for the quality education and it is indirectly related with the food
production. If the person is educated then they produce good quality of food.

 

The food and agriculture sector tender
key resolutions for development, and is vital for hunger and poverty
eradication.

Hunger

Globally, one in nine
people in the world today (795 million) are malnourished.

The majority of the hungriest
people are living in developing countries, where 12.9 per cent of the population
is malnourished.

In Asia most people are hungry–
two thirds of the total.
 The percentage of the hungriest people in
southern Asia has drop in recent years but in western Asia it has
increased faintly.
 Due to poor nutrition nearly half (45 per
cent) of deaths in children under five – 3.1 million children each year.

One in four of the world’s
children tolerate undersized growth. In developing countries the proportion
is increase by one to three.

 

 

Food security:

Agriculture is the particular major
owner in the world, particular those livelihoods of today’s global
population for 40 percent.
 Agriculture is the major source of
income.

Small farms are 500 million
worldwide, most are rainfed and 80 percent of food consumed in a huge part
of the developing world.
Given that in smallholder women
and men is a vital way to increase food
security and nutrition for the poor people and food
production for local and global markets.

Since the 1900s, some 75 per
cent of crop diversity has been vanished from farmers’ fields. Better use
of agricultural biodiversity can donate to more nutritious diets, better
livelihoods for farming communities and more flexible and sustainable
farming systems.
If women farmers had the same powers
to resources as men, the number of hungry people could b reduced.

 People have no access to electricity
worldwide is the 1.4 billion – a lot of people live in rural areas of the
developing world. Energy poverty in many regions is a fundamental barrier
to decreasing hunger and make certain that the world can manufacture
enough food to meet future demand

Targets:

The main targets are that:

·        
 By 2030, the main target to end hunger and
make sure access by all people, in meticulous the poor and people in
susceptible situations including infants, to safe, nutritious and providing enough
food all year.

·        
By 2030 to end the malnutrition, by
2025 the internationally decided targets on exploiting and killing in children less
than five years of age, and tackle the nutritional requirements of teenage
girls, pregnant and lactating women.

·        
 By 2030 is to double the agricultural
productivity and the incomes of small-scale food producers, particularly women,
indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through
secure and equal access to land.

·        
By 2030 to build up a sustainable
food construction systems and apply elastic agriculture live out that enhance
the productivity and production that facilitate to sustain the ecosystem and to
recover the land and soil worth.

SDGs associate with the Carbon:

Goal 13: This
is about the Climate action. In the environment the concentration of CO2 is
increase which disturbs the climate of the environment.

·        
The concentration of co2 is
increased by the Burning of fossil
fuels when the fossil fuels are burn
then it released the CO2 and it pollutes the environment.

·        
The other reason is that: deforestation, when the forests are
cutting then it does not capture the CO2. They capture co2 for the process of
Photosynthesis.

·        
Another reason is the burning of
biomass.

These all reason increases the concentration of CO2 and they
pollute or disturb the climate.

Targets:

·        
Parties to the Paris Agreement are
likely to organize, correspond and sustain successive nationally gritty
contributions. The nationally resolute contributions imitate official country
reply to climate change and contributions to global climate action. As of 20
April 2017, the 143 parties which are ratified the Paris Agreement, in which
137 parties (136 countries and the European Commission) communicated their
first nationally determined contributions to the secretariat of the United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

·        
As of 20 April 2017, seven
developing countries successfully completed and submitted the first iteration
of their national adaptation plans, in response to climate change.

·        
Developed countries have committed
to jointly mobilizing $100 billion per year by 2020 to address the
climate-related needs of developing countries and to continue that level of
support through 2025.

·        
More than 1.6 million people died in
internationally reported natural disasters, from 1990 to 2015.

Many
countries have begun implementing national and local disaster risk reduction
strategies. In 2014-2015, most reporting countries indicated that environmental
impact assessments, legislation on protected areas, climate change adaptation
projects and programmes, and integrated planning played a major role in
reducing underlying risk factor.

The food, water, energy,
environment and climate nexus

An
included approach to food security and the environment should take into consid­eration
the food, water, energy, environment and climate nexus, while consisting of
food production, distribution and consumption. Food security, while reducing environmen­tal
impacts and rising natural resource efficiency, will involve rising
agricultural productivity, in meticulous in developing countries where
agriculture accounts for a great share of gross domestic product (GDP) and
where large productivity gaps still exist. Rapid increases in yields are deemed
feasible, in particular where productivity gaps are high. At the same time, the
protection of soil quality and crop and grazing land management, in­cluding
restoration of degraded lands, have been identified as having the greatest
agricul­tural potential to mitigate climate change, in addition to being
cost-effective. Additional public investments in agriculture-related research
and development will be crucial to increasing productivity.

The private sector will need to
play a major role in expanding research, particu­larly in biotechnology, with a
focus on food security. Special efforts are also needed to close the
productivity gap of smallholder farms, which offer great potential for
engagement in sustainable agricultural practices. Faster productivity gains
among a large number of small-scale producers in very different agro ecological
regions will require improved dis­semination and adaptation of technology to
meet their specific needs.

A broad-based rural development
strategy has to include infrastructural in­vestments to better connect
producers to output markets, including in rural-urban link­ages and the
improvement of distribution systems and storage facilities. The prospect of new
economic opportunities, including institutional changes that facilitate access
to input markets, as well as credit and insurance markets, will also encourage women
farmers, in developing countries to boost their productivity.

Social protection mechanisms,
including social safety nets, must also be part of a broader rural development
strategy to facilitate access of low-income households to food. This will not
only protect the most vulnerable against short-term economic shocks, but also
contribute to long-term resilience by facilitating their access to food and by
strengthening the ability of smallholders to manage risks and adopt new technologies
with higher productivity.

Reducing food
wastage may contribute to the sustainability of the food system

 

To reorient food consumption towards diets that are
less-resource intensive and more nutritious will also be crucial for food
sustainability. In particular, reducing food wast­age may contribute
significantly to the sustainability of the food system. Currently, it is
estimated that 32 per cent of the total food produced globally is wasted. In
order to substantially reduce the quantity of food lost and wasted, changes
have to take place at different levels of the food chain: production, storage,
transportation and consump­tion. In developed countries, efforts are most
needed at the retail and consumer end, owing in part to management practices
and consumption habits. In developing coun­tries, interventions are needed at
the producer end, before food reaches the market, to address inadequate
harvesting techniques and storage conditions.

 The livestock
sector, which has grown rapidly to meet the increasing demand for meat, is a
prime contributor to water scarcity, pollution, land degradation and greenhouse
gas emissions.

SDGS associate
with water and sanitation:

Goal 6: Ensure access to water and sanitation for all

Clean, accessible water for all is
an essential part of the world we want to live in. There is sufficient fresh
water on the planet to achieve this. But due to terrible economics or poor transportation,
each year millions of people, mostly children, die from diseases connected with
insufficient water supply, sanitation and cleanliness.

Water scarcity, poor water worth and
insufficient sanitation negatively impact food security, for poor families
around the world.

2.6 billion
people have achieved contact to better drinking water sources since 1990.

 1.8 billion people globally use a source
of drinking water that is focally contaminated
 The proportion of the global population
using an better drinking water source has improved from 76 per cent to 91
per cent from 1990-2015

Due
to water scarcity, affects more than 40 per cent of the global population
and is projected to rise.

2.4
billion people are those which be deficient in contact to basic sanitation
services, such as toilets or latrines

Due
to avoidable water and sanitation-related diarrheal diseases 1000
children are dying.

Roughly
70 per cent of all water inattentive from rivers, lakes and aquifers is
used for irrigation.

Floods
and other water-related disasters account for 70 per cent of all
deaths related to natural disasters.

Targets:

By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe
and affordable drinking water for all.

By 2030, attain contact to adequate and reasonable
sanitation and hygiene for all.

By 2030, recover the quality of water by minimizing the
pollution, eradicating dumping and reducing release of hazardous chemicals
and materials.

By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency
across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of
freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number
of people suffering from water scarcity

By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems,
including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

Problem existing in world by achieving SDGs:

In the sustainable development goals lies
the solution to Pakistan’s three central challenges:

·        
Development

·        
Democracy

·        
Defense

     
Implementing the UN’s 2030 Agenda for sustainable development, if
realized as an    integral policy
package, will also lead to long term economic prosperity, human and
environmental development.

For Pakistan being a rapidly urbanized country in
South Asia, it is important to note that the development challenges have become
larger than ever before due to numbers of reasons. Migration from rural areas,
prompted by the need for jobs and better life to even more challenges, this
includes poor housing quality and affordability, access to education, health ,
water and sanitation and among others.

Achieving
development target is an arduous take for developing country like Pakistan. The
lack of implementation is also a very great challenge as a majority of the
planned project to do and see the light of the day. The main problem is the
Water and the sanitation, when the water is pollute when it is given to the
plants for the irrigation system, then it also pollute the food produce from
it. And for this problem applies the Goal 6 that is Goal 6:
Ensure access to water and sanitation for all.

Also problem is the
Concentration of the CO2 increase in the environment that changes the climate
of the world. For this Goal 13 are include that is Climate Action