Refugee the refugee contribution to the United States.

Refugee integration in the American society is an ongoing developmental goal
that the United States government has upheld, with the agenda of being a
humanitarian nation. This research paper focuses on the refugee integration
programs in the American society and the immigrants’ resettlement programs
being put in place to enhance the refugee contribution to the United States.
Refugee integration programs are designed to assist refugees to start a life of their own in the American
economy (Jie Zong, 2017). It focuses on
providing preliminary job opportunities to refugees and immigrants for a
limited period of time. This program has
their advantages but also faced with challenges. To limit most of the refugee
integration programs, the government is shifting focus towards refugee
resettlement programs, which seek to see immigrants’ housing needs provided for. The refugee and immigrant problem
in the United States have been persistent
since it is a developed country, which is
perceived to have better opportunities for people hence the decision by people
to migrate from their harsh political and economic nations. In the United
States, the refugee population is seen to be from nations experiencing
religious and political instability such as Syria, Iraq, Somalia, and Iran (Michael Ignatieff, 2016). The United States
President, Donald Trump, during his campaigns intended to push the Islam
refugees through advanced vetting procedures, which may nations termed selfish
and non-humanitarian. However, the United States has not put an end to its
refugee accommodation programs. In this research, we will focus on elaborating
the refugee integration and immigrant resettlement programs in the United
States. The research will contrast the needs of the refugees and immigrants
with what the American Society offers to them.

Refugee population in the United States

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The United States has been a global refugee hub for many refugees,
immigrants and asylum seekers especially because of the wars in some countries (AmericanImmigrationCouncil, 2015). In 2017, the former
United States President Barack Obama increased the number of refugees that were
accepted in the United States from a population of 75,000 to 110,100. However, this project did not last long after his
retirement. The now United States President Donald Trump has enacted legislation against refugee integration and
resettlement. The ordered the suspension of refugee resettlement program for
four months and reduced the number of refugee acceptance from 110,000 to 50,000
in 2017. This law has been challenged by humanitarian organizations and has
been blocked from implementation until the legislation is well integrated.

According to the Migration Policy Institute, only one percent of the
refugees in the United States has been resettled
annually. Based on this research, it shows the need to incorporate refugee
needs into policy-making so as to improve their contribution to the economy.
Refugee acceptance ceilings in the United States are made by the president. The
latest ceiling by Trump of 50,000 refugees is a reduction from the previous
110,000, which was proposed, Obama.
Trump’s administration is not accommodative of refugee admission in the United
States, with claims that it a threat to security and the economy of the nation.
He proposed vetting procedures to existent refugee placement programs and the
jurisdictions put in place to facilitate refugee admission. This move portrays a nation that is disintegrating
from refugee protection and care since it does not maximize the United States
capability of being a refugee seeking nation and providing better opportunities
to the refugees and immigrants. The refugee reduced admission ceiling has seen
refugee acceptance reduce, whereby April
2017, only an approximate value of 42000 refugees has been accepted in the
United States. This is a notable drop from the 2016 recordings.

Reasons why the United States is a preferred
refugee hub.

The United States has been a home for many refugees fleeing from
different countries (UNHCR, 2013). The acceptance of
refugees in the United States is usually initiated by the United Nations High Commission
for Refugees (UNHCR) in their origin countries and is facilitated by the
Department of State’s Bureau for Population, Refugees, and Migration in the United States to verify
and guarantee your acceptance. Many refugees accepted in the United States have
fled from their countries due to harsh conditions and persecutions. However,
there is the need for refugees to search
for a better life in the United States. For acceptance to be approved in the
United States, the countries national definition for refugees must be met and
proof that the acceptance is a necessity rather than an option. The difference
between refugees and migrants is that refugees seek acceptance due to harsh
conditions in their country while immigrants seek acceptance in search of a
better life. Refugee and immigrants recommendation to the United States is
usually conducted by the International Rescue Committee, just like refugees are
recommended to other countries. However, the refugee must be compliant with the United States refugee rules and
provisions for admission to be approved.

The United States offers three options to refugees in the country;
voluntary repatriation, local integration, and
resettlement. Voluntary repatriation is where the refugee voluntarily returns
to their country of origin once calm and safety regain
in their nations. Local integration is where the refugee is accepted in the
country and is provided with basic life’s sustainability necessities such as
education, food, employment and housing until stability is achieved by the
refugee. Resettlement involves giving the refugee permanent residence when
there is no other guarantee of their legal and physical safety in their home
countries. In this research, we will focus on the refugee integration programs
and the refugee and immigrant resettlement programs in the United States. This
is because there have had an increase in
the use of this strategies to attend to
the humanitarian needs of the refugees and the immigrants.

The refugee integration programs in the
United States

The refugee integration programs seek to provide security to refugees
who fear prosecution in their home countries and seek a safe haven in the
United States (HIAS, 2014). To the advantage of
the United States, the refugees contribute to the American economy since they
provide labor force and bring the vitality
to the areas with decreasing populations.
The refugee integration program is a progressive and time-based program that
intends to slowly absorb refugees in the American economy.

The benefits the integration programs offer to refugees vary depending
on the individual refugee is accepted to the nation. However, there are general
benefits achieved by each refugee regardless of the scenario. The refugee
acquires safety from their country of origin through the integration program.
The program offers job opportunities to adult refugees for a limited period of
time to help them acquire opportunities to shape their lives and develop a sustainability and self-dependency grounds for
them. The program offers education accessibility to refugee children. The
greatest benefit derived for the children is that it offers them a lifetime key
to the world through education. It gives
equal opportunities to the children in the education system and offers them
specific automatic integration of them as Americans. These children grow to have a
safe and well-growing attitude, which is
used later in life when the children grow up to grow the American economy. The
integration program allows learning of the English international language to
those refugees who do not know on Basic
English. The program offers them the opportunity for international exposure
since they can use one of the internationally recognized languages. The program
offers the opportunities for the refugees to grow economically since they are
provided equal opportunities with other Americans to venture into the economy.
They can also venture into investments and innovations, which contribute
towards the growth of the economy. In addition, it offers the United States
free labor delivery, which is an important factor of production that the United
States needs to accommodate for its growing and demanding economy and
production capabilities.

The refugee integration program is an eye-opener
to many refugees who gain from the admission in the United States. The
integration program is the basis for the refugee and immigrant resettlement
programs. It provides the basic guidelines on how refugee and immigrants ought
to be accepted and treated while in the United States. The integration programs
give insights into the development of the
resettlement programs. At times, the refugee and immigrants resettlement
programs would be considered to be a subset
of the refugee integration programs already in place. However, the resettlement
program is an upgrade of the integration program since it incorporates the
needs of the refugees and immigrants more towards complete acceptance in the
United States.

The refugee and immigrant resettlement
programs in the United States

The United States resettlement program for refugees and immigrants seeks
to offer residence and a decent living for the refugees and immigrants who are
admitted in the country (FARACI, 2015). Compared to the
refugee integration program, the program incorporates the needs of the
immigrants. It assumes that people eligible for acceptance in the United States
ought to be offered a decent life other than an unsustainable living
environment. The program considers the needs of the refugees and those of the
immigrants to be similar since both of them are in search of the basic drive to
grow and develop in a friendlier environment than their home country. The
resettlement program is also based on the United States quest to be a
humanitarian nation and maintain the status. Recently, the United States has
been recognized world’s largest resettlement policymaker for refugees and
immigrants. The platforms created by the program seeks to identify and realize
the needs of the immigrants and refugees and how they will be beneficial to the
economy.

The United States resettlement program is coordinated by The Department
of Homeland Security, The State’s Department’s Bureau for Population, Refugees and
Migration and The Office of Refugee Resettlement (OfficeOfRefugeeResettlement, 2015). Once the United
States embassies and the United Nations High Commission for Refugees have
referred a refugee for placement, the United States Department of Homeland
Security offers clearance to the refugee after a thorough security background check to ensure the refugee does not
pose security threats to the nation. Thereafter, the State’s Department’s
Bureau for Population, Refugees, and
Migration takes over in the allocation and coordination of admissions into the country. The department assigns the
refugees cities they will reside in and to resettlement agencies that can help
them settle for a decent living. There
are many voluntary agencies in the united states, that freely offer their help to see to it that the refugees and the
immigrants allocated to the country are well embraced and developed in order
for them to make a contribution to the economy. The department organizes with
the national voluntary agencies through their affiliates to welcome the
refugees and immigrants into the city of allocation and offers direction to
them in regard to housing and accessibility of other essential resources. The
Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) at the State Health and Human Services
provides medical assistance, short-term survival cash and case management
services to the refugees and immigrants welcomed to the place. The office
targets at offering self-sufficiency to the refugees and immigrants through job
readiness and employability service classes that are offered. In addition, the
office intends to facilitate the successful
transition of the refugee and immigrants from their previous harsh and
tormenting situations to a more sustainable environment.

Challenges faced in the implementation of the refugee integration
program and the refugee and immigrant resettlement programs in the United
States

Refugee admission, placement, allocation, and coordination is not an easy task for the United States
government (Michael Ignatieff, 2016). The programs have
faced rejection, especially by the
current president Donald Trump. However, the programs are still in existent to
serve the refugees and immigrants despite the challenges they face. The
programs are built due to the humanitarian diversity of the United States. In
execution of their humanitarian obligation, the nation expose itself to
international threats such as terrorism, human trafficking, and drug substance trade.

The United States government fails to achieve optimum refugee assistance
due to the increased cases of international insecurity (MigrationPolicyInstitute, 2015). The government
fears that openly letting the refugees exposes them to security breaches
especially because most refugees are Muslims, who are stereotyped to be
associated with terrorism. It is a stereotype but the security agencies cannot
afford to ignore the possibility of such a situation occurring. There is also
the aspect of human trafficking, which is often coordinated through immigrants
programs by large companies who seek to acquire forceful labor. To mitigate
this risk, the government becomes strict on the acceptance of refugees and
immigrants. There is economic pressure on the nation. The refugees and
immigrants are not well developed hence they have little or no contribution to
the economy. This leaves the responsibility for
their support and sustainability to government departments, which are funded by
the government. The investment in the refugees and immigrants is not often paid
back even after they are self-sufficient and independent. Lastly, the programs
are fully implemented since the government needs to balance between keeping
their people in a sustainable economy and their obligation to being a humanitarian nation. The economy of
their people comes first and there refugee and immigrant admission is not a
priority.

In conclusion, the United States contribution to the refugees and
immigrants resolution cannot be ignored. The country has allowed the refugee
integration program and the refugee and immigrant resettlement programs to be
put in place. Other than the programs in place, the United States has supported
humanitarian organizations in achieving refugee support by ensuring that refugees’
children have access to education and resources for survival. The government through
its projects ensure that the refugees and immigrants accepted in the United
States have access to education, finance, job placement, food and water,
security and investment opportunities. The government through the various
departments ensures that the refugees and immigrants’ decency of life is
achieved through the basic provision of
housing and food to them. The departments are supported by voluntary national
and international agencies, whose purpose is to help refugees and immigrants
resettle successfully in the city they have been allocated. This research
identifies that the refugee and immigrant’s coordination is not an easy task
for the United States since it put its self under economic, social and
political pressures in its mission to fulfill its obligation to the
humanitarian communities and conventions. Lastly, the country exposes itself to
other international threats that are brought by the refugees and immigrants
such as terrorism. This research focuses on identifying the United States
structure of refugee and immigrants’ admission and allocation in the state and
the contribution it has in making their life better.