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Internal and external factors can affect how a country functions.  The reason behind human rights violations in countries can be caused by these factors.  Many times it is because of the geographical positioning of a country that welcomes these external factors.  The strength of a country is influenced by outside forces and neighboring countries.    The purpose of having universal human rights is to ensure that all people no matter their geographic location or nationality receive care and live an enjoyable life.  Regardless of the fact that there is a legalized document stating the basic human rights many countries fail to uphold these rights to the people and fail to protect its residents from external forces that would violate these rights.  Nigeria is in West Africa and for years, has been facing difficulty with the maintenance of its civilians’ human rights.  Human rights violations in Nigeria are based in military corruption and worldwide terrorism. The corruption in the military is because of elites stealing the money set aside for the military.  This results with the military not having enough money to purchase the necessary weapons and supplies it needs for battle.  The lack of money leads to the lack of resources and this endangers the civilians as the military is not as strong as it could be if it had the full amount of money allocated to them.  The corrupt elites leave the military and soldiers with underdeveloped machinery which is not strong enough to even compete with the terrorist group, Boko Haram, whom they are fighting against. As a result of the corrupt military, the military is weak which allows for Boko Haram to be stronger than it (Gidda).  Since Boko Haram is stronger than the Nigerian military there is little to no protection of the people of Nigeria.  This lack of protection enables Boko Haram to demonstrate attacks and invade homelands in the country of Nigeria.  The violations of the Universal Declaration of the Human Rights are caused by the corrupt military enabling the presence of Boko Haram and the harmful attacks launched by Boko Haram. Lieutenant Colonel T.J. Abdallah of the Nigerian military has expressed that the necessary equipment for war has not been supplied by the government in the past year.  It was thought that the limited resources were because of lack of funding from the government but that is untrue, the government has actually been increasing the amount of money apportioned. It has been discovered by Transparency International, that over the past seven years the money allocated for the military and its equipment has been stolen by elites. The money that was not stolen is being put toward buying weapons to advance and protect the soldiers.  With the little money actually distributed to the military it puts both the civilians and soldiers at the risk of peril (Gidda).President Muhammadu Buhari took office in 2015.  He created an anti-corruption campaign and here he found out that under former President Goodluck Jonathan, Vice President Yemi Osinbajo had participated in fraudulent arms deals and had stolen $15 million. Vice President Yemi Osinbajo confessed months to this after Sambo Dasuki was accused for embezzlement of $2 million. This money stolen by the officials was intended to be for military defense spendings (Gidda). When the elites steal this money they are putting the people at risk as with the lack of finances there is a lack of weapons and that means a lack of protection for the people from harm.  Boko Haram is an Islamic terrorist group that was created in Maiduguri in 2002, and has invaded and disrupted the everyday lives of Nigeria’s residents.  The original name of Boko Haram is Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad which is translated to “People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet’s Teachings and Jihad.”  “Haram,” means forbidden and is used to address to Muslims that it is forbidden to take part in the westerners way of life.  This means it is forbidden to participate in voting in elections, wearing the clothing of Westerners style and receiving an education.  Furthermore, “jihad,” means peace, but many Muslims interpret this in the way where peace needs to be obtained through war. The peace they desire is acquired once a region is under their rule and follows the religion of Islam. When jihad is acquired through force many of the conquered people have no choice but to become followers, as the conquered people realized that their lives would be better following the ones destroying than being one who is being destroyed (“Who”). The followers of Boko Haram are known as Yusuffiya (Sergie and Johnson).  The participants of a group with this type of motive have many reasons, some which are derived from their religion, for their actions that are sensible to themselves but irrational for others. Moreover, the group’s purpose of being in Nigeria is to fight in hopes to overthrow the government by force and create Nigeria into an Islamic state. The members of Boko Haram are promoting their version of Islam by being present in Nigeria.  Boko Haram has obtained the most territory captured by an army and this suggests how much of a threat this group is to the people of Nigeria and its neighbors as its strength shows dominance. The group’s main form of action and dominance are bombings, killings, kidnappings and the burning of villages. It is estimated that the number of casualties caused by the group are over 15,000 people.  Many more have been affected because of forced migration.  Boko Haram has begun establishing schools in order to teach Islam, one of their ways of promotion. Not only do these schools encourage the conversion of religions solely out of fear of the group but the schools have become a spot for enlisting jihadis (“Who”).Boko Haram has split into two factions.  One which is focused locally on grievances and another focused on expanding. The Borno state governor, Kashim Shettima said in February of 2014 that Boko Haram has acquired better and more advanced weapons than the Nigerian military itself therefore it is nearly impossible for the military to defeat this group (Sergie and Johnson). Boko Haram has its strongest control over the northern states – Borno, Yobe and Adamawa. Despite the strength of this terrorist group, in 2009, Nigeria’s security forces gained control over the group’s headquarters and killed Mr. Yusuf, the former leader of Boko Haram.  When Yusuf died, Nigerian forces declared that Boko Haram had been defeated however Abubakar Shekau arose as the new leader, and he is still alive today (“Who”). Throughout the 2000s Boko Haram has been a great threat and in 2013 the US Department of State declared Boko Haram a terrorist organization (Sergie and Johnson).Across the fifteen years that Boko Haram has been organized there have been three leaders.  The first leader of Boko Haram was Yusuf, who founded the group and the leader at the time of the first invasion of Nigeria.  After Yusuf was killed by the Nigerian forces, Shekau became the leader of the group.  During Shekau’s leadership Abu Musab al-Barnawi rose in power and he declared himself the new leader.  Shekau is still a member of the group but his leadership was stripped of him.  Though Shekau still has loyal soldiers, Abu has more influence when it comes to the group.  Abu Musab al-Barnawi also happens to be the son of Yusuf.  There are many members of Boko Haram and the Central Intelligence Agency estimates that the groups consists of thousands and that 9,000 specialize in bombing. Of these growing numbers there are many new recruits as the growth of poverty among Nigerian civilians and poor education allow for easy access to new recruits for Boko Haram because of the vulnerability of the sufferers (“Who”).Boko Haram crafts bombings, attacks and even abductions as its way of inciting fear and showing dominance over the residential area.  When the group strikes the destruction is so bad that it forces people to need to move because their houses are unlivable requiring people to be displaced.  When they are displaced they typically are left with nothing because the strike destroyed all their belongings and their homes itself.  Aside from the fact that Boko Haram has displaced millions, they have killed tens of thousands.  Boko Haram began attacking schools as it is against their religion to attend a secular school. They also began abducting women.  There were 219 girls abducted from school in April of 2014 and the government has not managed to rescue one of these girls; Boko Haram uses those they kidnap as suicide bombers (Nigeria Events).  Suicide bombings are the most common form of killing performed by Boko Haram.  A ten year old girl was a victim of being one of Boko Haram’s suicide bombers and she blew up a market in Yobe on July 26.  This incident itself killed 15 and injured 46 innocent civilians.  The government rescued 1,300 of the hostages who were in the possession of the group.  Bombings are also very common (Nigeria Events). In April of 2014, there was a bombing at a bus station and 100 people were killed (Sergie and Johnson). Besides regular bombings Boko Haram has attacked in the form of suicide bombs.  These bombings have occurred so frequently that they are being monitored by the public so that when they see an individual walking alone, they suspect they have a bomb strapped to themselves under their clothing. Residents of Nigeria have come up with a technique to lessen the number of casualties.  It is called the “hugging technique” where if someone suspects an individual to be a potential bomb threat they would run up to them and hug them therefore containing the power of the bomb by coverage which would lessen the impact. Unbelievably, forced suicide bombers can be as young as five years old. Suicide bombings have been very prominent form of destruction but so have unexpected murders (“Nigeria Mosque”). In 2013, 65 students were murdered at the agricultural college in Yobe during the night unexpectedly (Sergie and Johnson). These are only some specific examples where the number of casualties have been absurdly high. All in all the large number of people killed or injured because of Boko Haram’s attacks show how relentless the group is and its lack of empathy toward people.The most jaw dropping attack that Boko Haram has initiated was in Mubi in the state of Adamawa where there was a bombing in a mosque.  Abubakar Sule said to a reporter that 40 died on site and many had to be taken to the hospital for care of life threatening injuries.  Members of the mosque said they noticed two men in the back who were unfamiliar looking, and it is suspected that them two were the suicide bombers of this event.  Doctors from private hospitals were asked to help in the nursing of the victims as the hospital of Mubi could not handle all the patients and needed support to keep victims alive. Also, the hospital did not have enough blood for all the wounded and needed to resort to asking for blood donations (“Nigeria Mosque”).  In particular, this attack accurately illustrates the ferocity and ruthlessness of Boko Haram and its firm intention of using violence to obtain an Islamic state in Nigeria despite the destruction.In 2014 Mubi was taken over by Boko Haram and the name was temporarily changed to Madinatul Islam which translates from Arabic to “City of Islam,” (“Nigeria Mosque”). Today Boko Haram seems to be focused in on the Adamawa state which is near the border of the Borno state.  The unanticipated attacks create constant fear among the people. The people are not safe anywhere because any location has a chance of being attacked. Even the roads are unsafe, there are chainsaw beheadings and killings on the roads of northern Nigeria.  The attacks by Boko Haram escalated to such extremity and such an interference in everyday life that the election had to be pushed back 6 weeks to March 28, 2015 (Sergie and Johnson).  Boko Haram is incessant when it comes to planning attacks and killing people to achieve their Islamic state goal.  The presence of Boko Haram in Nigeria was enabled by the lack of protection provided by the Nigerian military.  Boko Haram’s intention of creating an Islamic state and pushing for people to convert violates article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.  Article 18 states that, “Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance,” (United Nations).  When Boko Haram uses victims vulnerability to persuade them to convert religions or threatening people to convert this violates the right for people to have the freedom of thought and religion. The majority of the population in Nigeria are either Muslim or Christian(Pappas and White).  The treatment of the people in Nigerian by Boko Haram members in unacceptable whether they share a religion with a member or not but in particular the Christians are undergoing inhumane treatment in an attempt for them to convert to another religion.  If one is being forced or undergoing inhumane treatment in order for one to convert that is not allowing one to have one’s basic right of freedom of religion.  Boko Haram’s presence, acts of destruction and forceful motive negatively effect the residents of Nigeria.  The people face malnutrition, poverty, loss of home and constant endangerment as a result of Boko Haram.  Furthermore, the people have to suffer from the remembrance of these traumatic events especially young children who have this early exposure to cruelty. The numerous conflicts encountered as a result of the traumatic events occurring in Nigeria inflict malnutrition and intense hunger in civilians. Borno has a population of 5.5 million people.  3.2 million people out of that 5.5 million people, which is roughly 58%, face famine with a high risk of death.  Malnutrition fosters weakness in the bones and weak immune systems so when one endures malnutrition he also endures these weaknesses (Weihe). As a result of the forced displacement, people have needed to leave their homes and all their belongings, therefore being left with little to nothing.  With the need to leave of one’s home he losses of everything and even hope of a better future.  Boko Haram has ruined the country of Nigeria and its people.  At the end of 2014 over one million were displaced but by 2015 it increased to almost two million (Nigeria Events).  People in Nigeria are in constant danger from being a victim of an attack, malnutrition or poverty.  The countless amount of attacks Boko Haram has launched destroys the homes of innocent people which violate the right regarding arbitrary interference.  The group invading Nigeria and launching attacks interferes with one’s privacy and home.  Boko Haram was forceful with its approach and the random attacks disrupt people’s everyday lives in the comfort of their homes and this violates article 12.  Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states, “No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home, or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks,”(United Nations).  All of Boko Haram’s strikes interferes with civilians rights and put them at risk of danger. These strikes all occur in the privacy of one’s home therefore the group’s presence, which was technically initiated by the corrupt military, violates article 12. The government of Nigeria is not strong enough to be able to take on the powerful group of Boko Haram.  The continuous expansion of Boko Haram and its territory is threatening not only to Nigeria but to international countries as well as the group could become so strong then move into other nations.  Nigerian residents have been facing the intense brutality of Boko Haram for seven years now and could be facing even more if international affairs do not stop or even weaken the group.  Eight and a half million people in northeastern Nigeria are in desperate need of humanitarian aid.  Borno is located in northeastern Nigeria which is now invaded by Boko Haram. This location is so dangerous that it is inaccessible for organization to come in a support and supply aid to the suffering people. International aid is trying to get food into Nigeria for the people facing starvation. The International Rescue Committee, a humanitarian agency, is even having difficulty providing emergency aid to those of Borno. Those that do have access are providing food pouches to nourish people back to regular health and to lessen malnutrition  (Weihe).  Specifically in 2016 England planned on giving Nigeria $52 million to help aid Nigeria in fighting the militant group (Gidda). The United Kingdom, United States and United Nations are taking a stand on aiding the Nigerian government on battling against the terrorist group as these nations have the strength to improve the situation in Nigeria (Nigeria Events).Boko Haram’s presence and the corruption of the military violate articles 3 and 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.  Article 3 states that, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person,” and the corruption in the Nigerian military violates this article as the people have no security because of the corrupt elites stealing funding(United Nations).  If it the elites had not stolen the large sum of money they did then the military would at least be able to compete against Boko Haram’s forces but not without it (Gidda). Furthermore, the first clause of article 25 is violated because of the Nigerian military lack of ability to protect the Nigerian civilians and this encourages terrorism leaving the people suffering from the consequences of terrorism.  Article 25 states that, “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control,”(United Nations).  It is a violation for the Nigerian military not providing effective or adequate protection which then allos Boko Haram to execute its inhumane attacks, where these attacks violate the right to security.The presence of Boko Haram in Nigeria exposes innocent civilians to lack of security and protection in their homeland because of its intentional infliction of violence through attacks. While Boko Haram invaded Nigeria years ago, the government of Nigeria has done little to protect the people hence international affairs need to contribute aid. The reason the military is doing little is because it does not have the money to supply the soldiers with proper and adequate weaponry.  It does not have the money because of the corruption in the military as elites are stealing portions of the money set aside for strengthening the military. All of this, which takes places in the country of Nigeria, violates articles 3, 12, 18 and 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.  Human rights are the basic rights that countries governments  and other organizations should follow in order for people to live a safe and happy life in the world.