Anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorder (CAMH, n.d.). The

Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health
disorders experienced by children and young people, with an estimated
prevalence of 6.5% (Cooper, 2017).  The
cumulative prevalence of anxiety disorders in children alone are around 10% by
the age of 16 (Austin, 2012). (MORE STATS) For a large proportion of children, anxiety
problems are long lasting and usually interfere with their development and
functioning (Austin, 2012). It can affect their day to day life with affects in
their academics, self-esteem, and social interactions ( ). If left untreated it
can often lead into adulthood and can also present risks for other mental
health problems (Cooper, 2017). Anxiety can be such a prevalent problem among
young people today that there are many community mental health resources that
one can turn to in the GTA. CAMH is one of the most
respectable resources that young people have access to. ( ) Not only does it
have excellent information about mental health for clients and families, but it
also provides clients with excellent and outstanding programs and services
(CAMH, n.d). CAMH provides great in-patient and out-patient programs for people
with mental disorders (CAMH, n.d). The programs that CAMH provides can help young
adults deal with major depression, bipolar disorder (manic depressive illness),
anxiety disorders and obsessive compulsive disorder (CAMH, n.d.). The program
itself is divided into six specialty clinics which provide clinical care,
education and research (CAMH, n.d.). The program offers
consultations; time limited treatments and follow-up, education and services
for families (CAMH, n.d.). Also, CAMH provides group
therapies for clients so that they do not feel alone, as well as individual
therapies for a more one on one experience (CAMH, n.d.).  Among the many therapies that CAMH provides
the three main therapies are cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), interpersonal treatment
(IPT) and psychoeducation. Furthermore, in this paper I will discuss the three
main treatments that CAMH provides and further explore the treatments of CBT,
IPT, and psychoeducation with research.

Background (1- 1.5 PAGES)

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statement and purpose of the paper.


There is a range of disorders that anxiety can fall under. Generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic
disorder, and major depressive disorder are to just to name a few.

Anxiety is a normal part of life that everyone, everywhere,
experiences at some point in their lives. Children, adolescents, and adults can
all experience it. For some, it can cause disturbances in their social lives,
home functioning and can even disturb work life and everyday routine ( ). Psychotherapy
for anxiety is the alleviation of symptoms of diagnosed anxiety disorders or
elevated anxiety levels (Austin, 2012).








3 Main Headings (4-6 PAGES)

The concept behind CBT is that our thoughts affect how we
feel emotionally and physically and how we behave in a situation (2007). The
most frequently used psychological treatment for anxiety disorders in children
and young people is Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) ( ).  CBT is used for a mixed anxiety disorders,
including generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, and separation
anxiety disorder (Cooper, 2017). It has consistently been concluded that CBT
shows clear benefit over a rate of 59.4% (Cooper, 2017). In CBT,
clients learn to identify, question and change their attitudes, thoughts and
beliefs related to the emotional and behavioral reactions that cause their problems
(CAMH, n.d.).

therapy such things such as depression and anxiety can be managed by monitoring
and recording thoughts during upsetting or stressful situations, with this
people can learn that how they think can contribute to emotional problems (CAMH,

 By monitoring and recording thoughts during
upsetting situations, people learn that how they think can contribute to
emotional problems such as depression and anxiety. CBT helps to reduce these
emotional problems by teaching clients to identify distortions in their
thinking, see thoughts as ideas about what is going on, rather than as facts,
and stand back from their thinking to consider situations from different
viewpoints (CAMH, n.d).

It is important to point out that treatments for children and
adults have differences in part to the specific developmental needs (Austin,
2012).The most obvious point is that children and adolescents are less cognitively
mature than adults (Austin, 2012). Which has obvious consequences (Austin,
2012).  First there’re is a debate about
the extent to which cognitive maturity is required for successful engagement in
cognitive behavioural treatment (Austin, 2012). It is said that cognitively
based interventions cannot be used because children lack the cognitive maturity
to participate (Austin, 2012). And the response to these concerns is to instead
of focusing on the cognitive part of it, it is important to instead focus on behavioural
side of treatment (Austin, 2012). Other clinicians argue that child’s cognitive
development is more flexible, and that with adequate adaptations and support
many young children can exhibit the ability to engage in the cognitive elements
of cognitive behavioral treatment (Austin, 2012).

Cognitive-behavioral therapy, with research has
been showed to be one of the most rapid among therapies in terms of results obtained
is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), 2016). A client receives from 10-20 sessions (What is Cognitive-Behavioral
Therapy (CBT), 2016).  What
enables CBT to be shorter is its high instructive process and the fact that
there is usually homework that is assigned at the end of the therapy.  CBT
is time-limited in that we help clients understand at the very beginning of the
therapy process that there will be a point when the formal therapy will end (What
is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), 2016). 

A strong therapeutic
relationship is necessary for effective therapy, but it is not the main focus. (What is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT),
2016).  Some therapies assume that the reason clients show improvement in side
effects is because of the positive relationship between the client and
therapist. Though this is true, Cognitive- behavioral therapists believe it is
important to trust and have a positive relationship between the client and the
therapist (What is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), 2016).  CBT therapists believe that the clients change because they learn
how to think differently and they act on that learning (What is Cognitive-Behavioral
Therapy (CBT), 2016). Therefore,
CBT therapists focus on teaching rational self-counseling skills ((What
is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), 2016).  )

The therapist’s role is to listen, teach, and encourage, while the
client’s roles is to express concerns, learn, and implement that learning
is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), 2016). 

therapy that is used at CAMH is Interpersonal Treatment (IPT) which includes
mood monitoring and stabilization, symptom identification, and management, challenging
negative thought processes, increasing adaptive coping, interpersonal
communication, and relapse prevention (CAMH, n.d).  Interpersonal Therapy is an attachment-based
and problem-focuses treatment for anxiety, depression and relationship problems
(CAMH, n.d).  In this approach, the focus
of therapy is on current relationships and things that contribute to the onset
of depression or other symptoms of psychological distress (CAMH, n.d).  IPT helps you in understand life changes,
building new relationship skills and reducing stress through understanding and
improving relationships at work, home and in your social life (CAMH, n.d).